Jaguar Breeding Project

The Nursery

The Jaguar Breeding Project’s structure is large and was designed in a way that suits best the animals that are sheltered here. Functionality, beauty and sustainability are part of all the spaces, which include the animal enclosures (whose sizes vary according to the quantity and specificity of each species), the quarantine, the internment facility, the clinic, the kitchen and the office.

The Jaguar Breeding Project’s architecture is highlighted everywhere: besides the fauna and flora purposes, special care for the landscapes and perfect design are also particularities of this beautiful place. The Breeding Project is an environment monitored by security cameras 24/7. The environment is filmed for the security of the employees, the volunteers and the animals sheltered by the Association. The films remain confidential and protected, according to the law.

Words of the architect Mauro Antonietto:

“Every construction presents a way of BEING to the world.

The idea of this project and this work is to save, rehabilitate, reproduce and reintroduce the fauna as a character, the flora as a whole in a self-sufficient system as a possible solution to the damages that the different ecosystems endured due to the human and urban expansion. In this proposal, several movements made us change our orientations and here we will be able to discuss them. These orientations led to the conception of the Breeding Project’s structure.

The conceptions requirevery little energy and traditional systems of construction and gaskets were usedand the artisans found simple low-cost solutions for the workforce, adapted to the local conditions. The design facilitates operability and maintenance.

We considered the climate, the localization, the orientation, the security, the hygiene and even the prophylaxis.However, the main characteristic of this project is that it emphasizes and reflects a change of values for ourselves and thus for the society. It proposes concrete positive answers to the future challenges.

Nowadays the production process requires responsibility in the use of the resources. That is how our concept works. Last but not least, this construction in particular aims at restoring this complex equilibrium of the interactivity between nature and urbanization.

The inspiration came from the “brazility” of the vernacular architecture, from its simple handcraft solutions, its low cost and low impact, true necessity, functionality and esthetic. It was improved by new technologies only when justified by their results

This work represents a way of SEING the world.”

FOFA | Onça Pintada

Visão geral do Criadouro

Enclosures

The enclosures in which the animals live here at the Jaguar Breeding Project are very special. The architecture is elegant and singular with very well thought architectural details. Sustainability, security, comfort and beauty are part of EVERY space. Each space has been planned exclusively for the well-being of the species that are going to live there always respecting the norms required by IBAMA. Cleaning, maintenance, reforms and adjustments are also part of our routine so that the Enclosures remain a suitable place for the preservation and conservation of the wildlife.

Biomes

Located in the eastern part of the State of Paraná, the city of Campina Grande do Sul, in which the Jaguar Breeding Project is set, belongs to the MixedOmbrophilous Forest Biome (a forest with Araucária plants). Moving a bit more to the East, it comes under the influence of another Biome, the Dense Ombrophilous Forest one (Atlantic Forest), seen as a transition area named ecotone. These ecotones are characterized by a very strong biodiversity. They indeed gather species from both biomes.

The State of Paraná gathers five Biomes:

  • Dense Ombrophilous Forest,
  • Mixed Ombrophilous Forest,
  • Semideciduous Forest,
  • Fields and Bushlands.

Dense Ombrophilous Forest

It is a region with frequent rainfalls all year long, influenced by the hot and humid air masses from the Atlantic Ocean. Its area of occurrence goes from the littoral plain to the slopes of the Serra do Mar and part of the Vale do Ribeira.

Mixed Ombrophilous Forest

This zone is not very influenced by the hot and humid air masses from the ocean, but rainfalls remain frequent throughout the year. Frosts also occur and represent a determining factor for its floristic composition. This forest is located in the central part of the State of Paraná, above 500m in altitude.

The Araucária Forest in Paraná used to cover 76,280km². In the 1950s it represented 27,724km² and in the middle of the 1960s only 15,932km² were left, although most of it was located in private properties and thus exposed to the inevitable exploitation. Recent studies appoint that nature reserves of this kind only represent 1.5% of the State or less than 3,000km² (300,000 hectares).

This intense destruction process over time led to a retaliation from the great forests from the past. Today a series of fragments of these forests in different states of revival remain. The fragmentation leads to various environmental consequences such as a reduction of the biodiversity, disturbances in the hydric and drainage system, climate changes…

We can find some of these forest fragments in the surroundings and inside the Breeding Project. Most of them are in their initial or middle state of revival and together with some other kinds of environments, they create perfect conditions to shelter numerous animal species. These species can be classified into three main types:

  • Species which use these fragments only as a connection between other bigger fragments or as a way to feed themselves, that is to say that their presence there is only occasional;
  • Migratory species which live there only part of the year;
  • Resident species which feed themselves, reproduce and raise their offspring there;

Referências

LORENZI & SOUZA. Botânica Sistemática. 2ª Ed. Nova Odessa – SP; 2008. 704 p.
MAACK R. Geografia física do Estado do Paraná. 2ª Ed. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio; 1981. 450 p.
MMA. A Floresta com Araucária no Paraná. 1ª Ed. Brasília – DF; 2004. 230 p.

Environments and Surroundings

Six main kinds of environments can be identified: forest, freshwater, secondary formations, grasslands, reforestation and man-made.

Forest Part

It is mainly composed of forests in an initial state of revival. Some parts are in a middle state of revival:

The initial-state forest only has one treestratum, whichdoes not exceed eight meters high and a trunk diameter of 20cm. Among the most common vegetal species: Rapaneaferruginea (myrsine), Sapiumglandulatum, Caseariasylvestris, Tremamicrantha, Cordylinedracaenoides, Solanumgranuloso, Schinusterebinthifolius and Zanthoxylumrhoifolium;

The middle-state forest also has only one tree stratum, whichdoes not exceed 12 meters high and a trunk diameter of 30cm. Among the most common vegetal species: Prunussellowii, Campomanesiaxanthocarpa, Ocoteapuberula, Mimosa scabrella and Aegiphilasellowiana;

In the undergrowth part (with the smallest plants) in addition to the tree species we can find: Trichiliacasareti and T. elegans (peas wood), Ilex paraguariensis (mate herb) and Piper spp;
In some places, we also can find some larger tree species, whichmight be either remnants or planted, such as: Araucaria angustifólia, Podocarpuslambertii, Inga sp, Cedrelafissilis (cedar), Ficussp (fig tree) e Ocoteaspp (cinnamon);

Freshwater Part

It corresponds to the parts that are influenced by the fresh water, including brooks and lakes. Among the most common vegetal species that we can find either in the water or in its surroundings: Nymphaea sp, Sagittariamontevidensis (sagittarius), Eichorniaspp, Typhaangustifolia (cattail).

Secondary Formations Part

It gathers places where the native vegetation has been removed by the human activities. Today they are in a state of regeneration and mainly composed of herbaceous species and shrubs with some larger woody species. Most of them are from the Asteraceae (Compositae), Solanaceae and Poaceae (grasses) families.

Grasslands Part

It consists in places meant to host the breeding of domestic animals. Most of the plants are herbaceous and shrubs from the Asteraceae (Compositae) and Poaceae (grasses) families. There are also some isolated tree species.

Reforestation Part

It consists in places for the monoculture of tree species such as Pinusspp (pine), Eucaliptusspp (eucalyptus) and Araucaria angustifolia.

Referências

LORENZI & SOUZA. Botânica Sistemática. 2ª Ed. Nova Odessa – SP; 2008. 704 p.
MAACK R. Geografia física do Estado do Paraná. 2ª Ed. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio; 1981. 450 p.
MMA. A Floresta com Araucária no Paraná. 1ª Ed. Brasília – DF; 2004. 230 p.

Accomodation

The Breeding Project possesses accommodation facilities for the Eco-volunteers, here in Campina Grande do Sul [Paraná, Brazil]. During your time as a volunteer,you will be able to enjoy a comfortable accommodation with TV, gas-heated shower, washing machine and fully equipped kitchen to prepare your food. The internet access is slow but we are working on it.

Take a look at the pictures! Get involved and join us!

Contact

Send copy of this message to your e-mail.

Jaguar Breeding Project

Association for the Research and Conservation of the Wildlife

+55 [41] 3029-8810

contato@criadourooncapintada.org.br

cristiane@criadourooncapintada.org.br

The Jaguar Breeding Project is Conservationist and is not open to the public, as in zoos. The entry of persons is allowed with the purpose of research and maintenance. Even so are strictly assisted by specialized professionals: to contact us and get more information, please complete the form below, or call our contact phone during business hours.

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